Since i encouraged recipients in order to forward the email on to others, it’s an approximation

Since i encouraged recipients in order to forward the email on to others, it’s an approximation


Really members was indeed elite group psychologists hired online by way of membership in different professional groups, new Western Psychological Organization (APA)-Practice Organization on the web practitioner list ( of approximately fifteen,057 users).

Plus many APA-acknowledged guidance locations, fellow member solicitation age-e-mails was indeed also taken to APA Department 17 (Guidance Mindset, 355 people); APA Division 29 (Therapy, approximately 224 users); APA Division thirty two (Humanistic Psychology, approximately 130 professionals); The newest United states Individual Build Circle (NAPCN) list suffice (everything 95 users); the fresh Albert Ellis Institute age-send number (as much as 57 participants). The fresh solicitation e-mail and additionally recommended people in order to submit the newest age-send survey on to other eligible practitioners; and reaction rates of approximately thirteen.5% needs to be felt that have bookings (just as much as 15,918 studies was solicited and you may 2,149 came back).

Counselor involvement try voluntary, they took therapists whenever thirty minutes to do the equipment, therefore the data is actually used in accordance with APA ethical recommendations.


The sample consisted of 1151 therapists (733 women, 418 men) with a Mage of (SD = ). The sample was prierican, 88.8% (N =1030), followed by Multiracial, 2.9% (N = 34), Hispanic, 2.7% (N = 31), African American, 2.4% (N = 28), Asian American, 2.1% (N = 24), and Other, 1.1% (N = 13).

Participants had been requested to indicate the level of its highest studies held, hence contained Ph.D., sixty.1% (Letter = 700); followed by Meters.An effective./Yards.S., 18.6% (N = 216); Psy.D., 11.0% (Letter = 128); B.A great./B.S., cuatro.3% (Letter = 50); Ed.D., 1.7% (N = 20); Yards.S.W., step one.4% (N = 16); or any other, dos.9% (N = 34). Concurrently, the common 12 months players acquired its high training is actually (SD =11.1), plus the mediocre final number out-of years invested in health-related routine becoming (SD = ). Most players had been no longer in school, 93.5% (Letter = 1105); six.5% (Letter = 77) was scholar children.

While doing so, participants was in fact questioned their dominant theoretic orientation and most users shown one to the principal theoretic positioning was cognitive behavioral, thirty-five.9% (N = 414); followed closely by integrative, 18.1% (Letter = 209); psychodynamic, 15.2% (N = 175); interpersonal, seven.6% (Letter = 88); humanistic, seven.2% (Letter = 83); constructivist, step three.2% (Letter = 37); existential, dos.2% (N = 25); rational-emotive, 1.7% (N = 20); gestalt, 0.7% (N = 8); and other, 8.2% (Letter = 95).


Participants about the second groups was basically sent an internet survey that contains a knowledgeable consent function, a brief demographics information layer, while the five measures: Counselor attitudes questionnaire-short setting (TAQ-SF); Constructivist presumptions scale (CAS); Individual sorts of the new specialist questionnaire (PST-Q); Operating alliance directory-small form (WAI-S); together with Techniques record (TL). People had been debriefed at the conclusion of the research and you will was in fact available with this new email address for additional concerns.

Counselor Perceptions Questionnaire-Small Setting (TAQ-SF)

The fresh new TAQ-SF, developed by Neimeyer and Morton (1997), was an upgrade of your own Counselor Perceptions Survey (TAQ) created by DisGiuseppe and you will Linscott (1993). Brand new TAQ-SF methods philosophical, theoretical, and technical dimensions of rationalist and you may constructivist therapies. Brand new tool consists of sixteen points rated on the good 5-point Likert measure anywhere between step 1 (strongly differ) so you’re able to 5 (firmly agree), and needs everything 5 minutes accomplish. The newest TAQ-SF replicates the basic grounds structure of the new TAQ and has shown the predictive validity of the anticipating the brand new therapeutic identifications and you may descriptions regarding several training benefits (Neimeyer Morton, 1997). TAQ-SF results in the modern research produced a great Chronbach’s alpha from .72 getting rationalist size and you may an excellent Chronbach’s alpha out of .63 on the constructivist size (get a hold of Table 1).

Constructivist Presumptions Measure (CAS)

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The fresh new Constructivist Assumptions Level (CAS) was developed because of the Berzonsky (1994), and you can was created to determine constructivist epistemological assumptions. This will be a twelve-item thinking-report measure with each items are rated on a beneficial 5-part Likert measure between step one (highly differ) so you can 5 (highly concur). Brand new Cas de figure has actually interior precision estimated is .61, and you may a two-times sample-retest precision (Letter = 78) out of .68. Cas de figure results in the present study yielded a Chronbach’s alpha out-of .72 (pick Desk step one).